APPSC AP Forest Range Officer FRO Recruitment 2024 – apply for latest vacancy at before the last date. Andhra Pradesh Forest Department AP Govt released the notification for Forest Range Officer FRO. Interested candidates can download complete vacancy notification through Meanwhile, know the 2024 APPSC AP Forest Range Officer FRO vacancy eligibility, salary, and selection process & results last date below.


APPSC AP Forest Range Officer FRO Recruitment 2024 latest vacancy salary syllabus Notification apply at

Organization Andhra Pradesh Forest Department AP Govt
Vacancy name Forest Range Officer FRO
No of vacancy 37 + posts
AP Forest Range Officer Salary Rs.48440-137220
Location type AP Government Jobs 2024



APPSC AP Forest Range Officer FRO 2024 vacancy details:

Andhra Pradesh Forest Department AP Govt releases various recruitment notifications every year to fill up vacant positions, this year 2024 going to fill Forest Range Officer FRO vacancy to operate organization activities normally.

Post Name Vacancies Qualification
Forest Range Officers 37 Bachelor Degree in relevant discipline

Age Limit: 18-30 years as on 1st July 2024

Salary: Rs.48440-137220

APPSC Forest Range Officer Vacancy 2024 Details

Post Name Zone Total Post
Forest Range Officer Zone-I 08
Zone-II 11
Zone-III 10
Zone-IV 08
Grand Total 37

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APPSC AP Forest Range Officer Syllabus exam pattern

APPSC FRO Screening Test


Subject No. of questions Duration Maximum Marks
General Studies & Mental Ability and

Mathematics (SSC Standard)

75 75 75
General Forestry – I & II 75 75 75
Total 150

APPSC FRO Mains Written Exam Pattern


Section Subject Marks No of Questions Duration
1A General English (50 marks)

General Telugu (50 marks)

100 100 Questions 100 Minutes
2. General Studies and Mental Ability 150 150 Questions 150 Minutes
3. Mathematics 150 150 Questions 150 Minutes
4. General Forestry- 1 150 150 Questions 150 Minutes
5. General Forestry- 2 150 150 Questions 150 Minutes
Total 600 700 700 minutes

Computer Proficiency Test

Test Duration Maximum Marks
Proficiency in Office Automation

with usage of Computers and

Associated Software.

60 100


PART – B (75 Marks)
a) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, important case studies. Timber
extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.
b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought,
conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems.
c) Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using
mineral resources.
d) Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing,
effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity.
e) Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy
sources, use of alternate energy sources.
f) Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil
erosion and desertification.
a) The diversity in the living world and biological classification.
b) Morphology of flowering plants-modifications and functions of roots, stems and leaves.
c) Basics of plant tissues and how they differ from animal tissues.
d) Basic anatomical structure of wood like annual rings, grain, texture, pores, fibers, pith,
rays, etc.
e) Seed morphology- types of seeds viz., mono-cotyledonous and di-cotyledonous,
albuminous and endospermic and their development, structure, dormancy, dispersal
and germination.
f) Reproduction in plants:
g) Sexual incompatibility and sexual methods of reproduction in plants-Pollination,
fertilization, hybridization and development of the fruit.
h) Asexual and vegetative methods of reproduction.
i) Principles of Plant propagation- production of varieties and hybrids.
j) Absorption and conduction of water and minerals salts translocation- transpiration –
photosynthesis, respiration, digestion and assimilation of food, anabolism and
catabolism- deficiency symptoms of essential elements, role of plant growth regulators
in plants.
k) Basic principles of inheritance and variation and molecular basis of inheritance with
special emphasis on DNA & RNA.
l) The most common diseases of plants, important factors affecting infections and the
chemical, biological and genetic methods of disease control.
a) Definition and value of biodiversity, genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.
b) Biodiversity at global, National and local level.
c) Hot-spots of biodiversity, causes of biodiversity losses, need and the measures for
biodiversity conservation.
d) Major biomes of India, major abiotic factors that influence the life of organisms,
responses of the organisms to such factors, adaptations for withstanding the extremes in
the environment and population ecology.
a) Geological formation of the rocks and minerals of India.
b) Earth and its layers-domains of earth Types – of rocks and their formation- weathering
process of rocks- factors affecting soil formation-physical, chemical and biological
properties soil; minerals, their types and their conservation.
c) Soil conservation- definition, causes for erosion, types – wind and water erosion;
conservation and management of eroded soils/areas, wind breaks, shelter belts; sand
dunes; reclamation of saline and alkaline soils, water logged and other waste lands.
Role of forests in conserving soils.
d) Maintenance and build-up of soil organic matter; forest leaf litter and composting;
Role of microorganisms in ameliorating soils; N and C cycles.
a) Basics of surface and subsurface water resources, pollution of water and water
resource management.
b) Concepts of watershed; role of mini-forests and forest trees in overall resource
management, forest hydrology, watershed development.
c) Water-harvesting and conservation; ground water recharge and watershed
management; role of integrating forest trees, horticultural crops, field crops, grass
and fodders.
a) General Silvicultural Principles; ecological and physiological factors influencing
vegetation, natural and artificial regeneration of forests, methods of propagation,
grafting techniques; site factors.
b) Nursery and planting techniques — nursery beds, polybags and maintenance, water
budgeting, grading and hardening of seedlings, special approaches, establishment
and tending.
c) Silviculture of the following economically important species grown in Andhra Pradesh
such as;
1) Acacia nilotica
2) Azadirachta indica,
3) Dendrocalamus strictus,
4) Casuarina equisetifolia,
5) Dalbergia sisoo,
6) Emblica officinalis,
7) Eucalyptus spp,
8) Gmelina arborea,
9) Pterocarpus marsupium,
10) Pterocarpus santalinus
11) Santalum album
12) Tectona grandis,
13) Melia dubia and
14) Leucaena leucocephala
d) Agroforestry: scope and necessity; role in the life of people and domestic animals
and in integrated land use, planning especially related to soil and water
conservation, water recharge, nutrient availability to crops, nature and eco-system
preservation including ecological balances through pest- predator relationships and
providing opportunities for enhancing biodiversity, medicinal and other flora and
e) Agro forestry systems under different agro-ecological zones, selection of species and
role of multipurpose trees and NTFPs, techniques, food, fodder and fuel security.
f) Objectives, scope and necessity of social forestry.
g) Genesis, principles, objectives and methodology of Community Forest
management in Andhra Pradesh.
a) Concept of an ecosystem, Structure and function of an ecosystem, the rate of
biomass production, GPP, NPP, decomposition and energy flow through different
trophic levels. Ecological pyramids and ecological succession.
b) Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure, functions and services of the
ecosystems such as Forest ecosystem, Grassland ecosystem, Desert ecosystem,
Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries).
c) Wildlife of India, endangered species of India; sanctuaries and national parks of India
and Biological rhythms.
a) Injuries to forest – abiotic and biotic destructive agencies, insect — pests and disease,
effects of air pollution on forests and forest die back.
b) Susceptibility of forests to damage, nature of damage, cause, prevention, protective
measures and benefits due to chemical and biological control.
c) General forest protection against fire, equipment and methods, controlled use of fire,
economic and environmental costs.
d) Timber salvage operations after natural disasters.
e) Role of afforestation and forest regeneration in absorption of CO2.
f) Rotational and controlled grazing, different methods of control against grazing and
browsing animals.
g) Effect of wild animals on forest regeneration.
h) Human impacts: Forest encroachment, poaching, grazing, live fencing, theft, shifting
cultivation and control.
a) Traditional and improved/modern tools used in logging, wood seasoning,
wood/timber preservation.
b) Logging-transport methods.
c) Physical properties of wood and their importance in identification of timber species.
d) Uses of important MFP/NTFP species available in the forests of A.P.
e) List of plants known to be antidotes of snake and scorpion poisoning.
a) Animal management – animal ailments and treatments.
b) Definition of some animals like human beings, wolf, jackals, lion rabbit etc., based on
incisors- canine/cuspids, pre-molars and molars.
c) Poisonous and non-poisonous snakes of India, symptoms following the snake bite,
treatment of snake bite.
d) Role of nutrition in animal health and production.
e) Nutrition deficiencies and their management.
f) Morphological features of a bird and the concept of migration in birds and the
ecological importance of birds.
Beneficial and harmful insects including insect vectors of human diseases, Industrial fish,
prawn and molluscs of India, Non-poisonous and poisonous snakes of India, Venomous
animals-centipede, wasp, honey bee.
a) Forest economics – fundamental principles, cost-benefit analyses; estimation of
demand and supply.
b) Forest economics – investment planning, depreciation, working capital, types of costs
viz., gross, fixed, variable, marginal & opportunity costs.
c) Methods employed for investment calculations such as Net surplus method, payoff
time method, present value or capital value method, internal interest method,
capital cost method.
d) Forest Legislation-History of forest development; essence of Indian Forest Policy of
1894, 1952 and 1990. National Forest Policy -1988.
e) Forest laws, necessity; general principles, AP Forest Act-1967; Forest Conservation Act1980; Wildlife Protection Act-1972 and their amendments; Application of Indian Penal
Code to Forestry.
f) Forest Administration: Indian Forest Service, AP State Forest Service, AP State Forest
Subordinate Services, AP Forest Department-Its structure and activities.
a) Scope and objectives of Forest inventory.
b) Complete enumeration vs. sampling, need for sampling, basic concepts in sampling,
designing large-scale sample surveys, sampling and non- sampling errors, simple
random sampling.
c) Properties of a good estimator, estimation of sample size, stratified random sampling,
systematic sampling cluster sampling, ratio and regression methods of estimation
under simple and stratified random sampling.
a) Statistics- population parameters- measures of central tendency and dispersion, aim
of sampling, sampling methods, regression.
b) Methods of measuring —diameter, girth, height and volume of trees; form-factor;
volume estimation of stand, current annual increment; mean annual increment, Yield
calculation, yield and stand tables:
c) Forest planning, evaluation and monitoring tools and approaches for integrated
d) Modern instruments used in forest mensuration like RELASKOP, ALTIMETER, WEDGE
e) Basic principles of Remote sensing- Air photo interpretation GIS, GPS, and GNSS.
f) Forest cover monitoring through remote sensing.
a) Definition, scope and importance, need for public awareness on environmental
b) Environmental Pollution: Definition, Causes, effects and control measures of Air
pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Marine pollution, Noise pollution, Thermal
pollution &Nuclear hazards.
c) Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and
industrial wastes.
d) Social Issues and the Environment: From Unsustainable to Sustainable development.
e) Urban problems related to energy, Water conservation, rain water harvesting,
Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns.
f) Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions, Climate change, global warming,
acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, Wasteland
reclamation, Consumerism and waste products.
g) Necessity of Environment Protection Act-1986, Air (Prevention and Control of
Pollution) Act-1981, Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act-1974, APWALTA2004.
a) Basics of Survey and forest Engineering – bearings, Offsets- types of concrete,
painting, varnishing, glazing, pointing, plastering.
b) Road alignment- main considerations in road alignment,
c) Types of roads depending upon the duration of the use of road.
d) Use of ghat tracer, Dumpy level, IOP level and Theodolite.
a) Primary goal, key aims and types of the first-aid.
b) First Aid- first aid for bleeding, drowning, venomous insects, burns and scalds,
shock, unconsciousness, fits, fainting, sun stroke, sprains, wounds, fractures.

Education qualification:


Post education
Forest Range Officer FRO degree

Physical Requirements:-

No person shall be eligible for appointment by Direct Recruitment unless:
For Men:

  • He is not less than 163 Cms. in height;
  •  Chest 79 Cms. Expansion of not less than 5 cms; and+
  • He is able to walk 25 Kms. in Four (4) hours.

For Women:

  • She is not less than 150 Cms. in height;
  • She is able to walk 16 Kms. in four (4) hours

APPSC AP Forest Range Officer FRO Age limit:

As per APPSC AP notification, the age limit as mentioned below for general, OBC 3 years, SC, ST 5 year’s age relaxation available for 2024 Forest Range Officer FRO Recruitment, Applicable as on notification release date

Post Age limit
Forest Range Officer FRO 18-30



 Selection process:

Physical Standard Test (PST) 2024

Test Male Female
Height 163 cm (ST 152 cm) 150 cm (ST 145 cm)
Chest 79 – 84 cm 74 – 79 cm
Walk 25 km in 4 hrs 16 km in 4 hrs

APPSC AP Forest Range Officer FRO Salary / pay scale

Post salary
Forest Range Officer FRO Rs.48440-137220

Basic salary Rs.48440-137220, salary in hand will be 2x of basic salary* including allowances Andhra Pradesh Forest Department AP Govt gives best (in the market) salary for 2024 Forest Range Officer FRO Recruitment. Candidates are advised to calculate thoroughly understand the APPSC AP basic salary and salary in hand and net salary in hand.



APPSC AP Forest Range Officer FRO Recruitment 2024 Notification links

In this section, candidates can click on APPSC AP advertisement link to download the pdf version notification by APPSC AP. For online application at candidates has a direct access to Andhra Pradesh Forest Department AP Govt online job application portal.

Vacancy #Download Notification pdf Application form
Forest Range Officer FRO8 post  here advt re here


Event Links
Andhra Pradesh Forest Department AP Govt official Career Page ( ) #Here
Parent APPSC Notification
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